[3] Wild plants have fruits up to 20 cm (8 in) in diameter, while cultivated varieties may exceed 60 cm (24 in). Illustration about Parts of plant. Considerable breeding effort has developed disease-resistant varieties. Watermelon plant with fruits, flowers, green leaves isolated on white background Set of 4 Modern UI Icons Symbols Signs for watermelon, mouse, aloe plant, succulent plant, shopping. Spanish settlers were growing it in Florida in 1576, and it was being grown in Massachusetts by 1629, and by 1650 was being cultivated in Peru, Brazil and Panama, as well as in many British and Dutch colonies. Watermelons are plants grown in climates from tropical to temperate, needing temperatures higher than about 25 °C (77 °F) to thrive. The flesh consists of highly developed placental tissue within the fruit. citroides (L. H. Bailey) Mansf. by L.H. Watermelon: Same thing as sweet corn. It has a light green rind with jagged dark green stripes. citroides)[28]. Carrots: Entire plant is edible including root (the carrot itself) and leaves. Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.)Mansf.) Facts Watermelon originates in southern Africa and was domesticated at least four thousand years ago, having been cultivated in ancient Egypt. It is commonly consumed as a juice or as an ingredient in mixed beverages. In southern Russia, a beer is made from watermelon juice, or the juice may be boiled down to a heavy syrup like molasses In southern Russia, a beer is made from watermelon juice, or the juice may be … Morphology of flowering plant with root system, flower, seeds and titles, Parts of plant. It is cultivated for cattle feed.[2]. Each watermelon can spread up to 20 feet, so make sure your mound is at least 5 feet square. A vegetable is anything eaten from other parts of a plant, like spinach leaves or carrots (which are roots). Watermelons have a longer growing period than other melons, and can often take 85 days or more from the time of transplanting for the fruit to mature. C. naudinianus (Sond.) Bailey LH. [9], The sweet watermelon was formally described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753 and given the name Cucurbita citrullus. [18] After the Civil War, black people were maligned for their association with watermelon. & Nakai, was accepted by the nomenclature committee and confirmed at the International Botanical Congress in 2017. Sep 13, 2018 - Watermelon Plant. Watermelon - parts of the plant, labeled. Taxon 66(6): 1393-1405. International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", "The 5,000-Year Secret History of the Watermelon", "On eating watermelon in front of white people: "I'm not as free as I thought, "Square watermelons Japan. Many cultivars are available that produce mature fruit within 100 days of planting. These are no longer grown to any great extent, but their lineage has been further developed into hybrid varieties with higher yields, better flesh quality and attractive appearance. Draw a plant. Fact Sheets & Plant Guides Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants Threatened & Endangered Wetland Indicator Status 50,000+ Plant Images Complete PLANTS Checklist State PLANTS Checklist Advanced Search Download These usually have three lobes which are themselves lobed or doubly lobed. Watermelon is grown in favorable climates from tropical to temperate regions worldwide for its large edible fruit , which is a berry with a hard rind and no internal divisions, and is botanically called a pepo . Parts of plant. On a garden scale, seeds are usually sown in pots under cover and transplanted into well-drained sandy loam with a pH between 5.5 and 7, and medium levels of nitrogen. This requires planting pollinizer rows of varieties with viable pollen. Find watermelon plant stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. [23], Charles Fredrick Andrus, a horticulturist at the USDA Vegetable Breeding Laboratory in Charleston, South Carolina, set out to produce a disease-resistant and wilt-resistant watermelon. [2], The watermelon is a large annual plant with long, weak, trailing or climbing stems which are five-angled (five-sided) and up to 3 m (10 ft) long. Watermelon roots and vines spread up … [7] Molecular data including sequences from the original collection of Thunberg and other relevant type material, show that the sweet watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris Schrad.) In other parts of the world, watermelon is eaten in different ways. Watermelons suffering from hollow heart are safe to consume. Gentes Herbarum 2: 175–186. [15] Watermelon seeds were also found in the Dead Sea region at the ancient settlements of Bab edh-Dhra and Tel Arad. Morphology and anatomy of potato tuber. Watermelon berries are a seasonal, wild edible berry here in Alaska. In parts of north Africa, these hydrating fruits still grow wild on drought-tolerant, vining plants. Watermelons can be grown in all parts of the country, but the warmer temperatures and longer growing season of … [45] Secondary producers included Iran, Turkey, and Brazil. The variety known as tsamma is grown for its juicy white flesh. [12] It was reassigned to the genus Citrullus in 1916 by Japanese botanists Jinzō Matsumura and Takenoshin Nakai. [4], The US Department of Agriculture recommends using at least one beehive per acre (4,000 m2 per hive) for pollination of conventional, seeded varieties for commercial plantings. Matsum. There is evidence from seeds in Pharaoh tombs of watermelon cultivation in Ancient Egypt . [13], The watermelon is a flowering plant that originated in Africa, though there is conflicting research about whether its source is West Africa[14] or Northeast Africa. 1. II. [50], Watermelon rinds may be eaten, but their unappealing flavor may be overcome by pickling,[41] sometimes eaten as a vegetable, stir-fried or stewed. The white to yellow flowers grow singly in the leaf axils and the corolla is white or yellow inside and greenish-yellow on the outside. But if you ask anyone in Oklahoma, they’ll tell you it’s a vegetable . The Moors introduced the fruit into the Iberian Peninsula and there is evidence of it being cultivated in Córdoba in 961 and also in Seville in 1158. [24][25], Farmers of the Zentsuji region of Japan found a way to grow cubic watermelons by growing the fruits in metal and glass boxes and making them assume the shape of the receptacle. Parts of plant. Start by picking the seeds out of about a cup of watermelon. Filmed with a Canon Digital Rebel XT and a Canon 50mm f/1.8 lens. Parts of plant. [27], A number of cultivar groups have been identified:[28], (syn. [43] This now-common fruit is often large enough that groceries often sell half or quarter melons. See more ideas about watermelon plant, watermelon, plants. Watermelon is a scrambling and trailing vine in the flowering plant family Cucurbitaceae. Morphology of cherry tree with root system, flowers, fruits and titles, Vector diagram showing parts of carrot whole plant, Coloring page. You should be able to grow one nice watermelon on every bush plant. [16] Watermelons were cultivated for their high water content and were stored to be eaten during dry seasons. [2], This West African species is the closest wild relative of the watermelon. Watermelon flowers are more than pretty blooms, as when pollinated, they transform into juicy fruits. Watermelon is a member of the cucurbitaceae plant family of gourds (classified as Citrullus lantus), related to the cucumber, squash, and pumpkin (Maynard, 2001). [49] In Vietnamese culture, watermelon seeds are consumed during the Vietnamese New Year's holiday, Tết, as a snack. Where is the sweetest part of the watermelon? It was originally brought to. [4] Another objective of plant breeders has been the elimination of the seeds which occur scattered throughout the flesh. Morphology of oak tree with acorns, green leaves and root system on white background, Parts of flower with titles. [6], The species has two varieties, watermelons (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Match and sort according to the shape of the seeds. citroides; C. vulgaris var. This fruit has been cultivated for over 4,000 years. [5][51], The Oklahoma State Senate passed a bill in 2007 declaring watermelon as the official state vegetable, with some controversy about whether it is a vegetable or a fruit. [45], Watermelon is a sweet, commonly consumed fruit of summer, usually as fresh slices, diced in mixed fruit salads, or as juice. Stems are up to 3 metres (10 feet) long and new growth has yellow or brown hairs. Subject These test guidelines apply to all varieties, hybrids and parental lines of watermelon (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.)Mansf.). [5] In China, the seeds are eaten at Chinese New Year celebrations. The rind is black with no stripes or spots. [4], European colonists and slaves from Africa introduced the watermelon to the New World. The edible part of a plantain is a fruit. & Zeyh., An illustration showing parts of kumquat plant on a white background. The fruit had begun appearing in European herbals by 1600, and was widely planted in Europe in the 17th century as a minor garden crop. ", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Watermelon&oldid=991369640, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, Short description is different from Wikidata, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [2], Another variety known as karkoer or bitterboela is unpalatable to humans, but the seeds may be eaten. In 2017, China produced about two-thirds of the world total of watermelons. [15], Evidence of the cultivation of both C. lanatus and C. colocynthis in the Nile Valley has been found from the second millennium BC onward, and seeds of both species have been found at Twelfth Dynasty sites and in the tomb of Pharaoh Tutankhamun. Morphology of watermelon plant with fruits, flowers, green leaves and root system on white background, Parts of plant. The scion and rootstock seedlings may not germinate or grow at the same rates, so it is impor-tant to conduct a preliminary test to determine their The 'Densuke' watermelon has round fruit up to 11 kg (24 lb). Copyright © 2000-2020 Dreamstime. Morphology of flowering plant with root system, flowers, fruit and titles, Parts of plant. Inside the hills, you should plant 8 to 10 watermelon seeds. Parts of raspberry plant isolated on white background. is a synonym of C. amarus Schrad. Abstract: The present invention relates to plants and plant parts of a watermelon variety NUN 01009 WMW, seeds from which the plant can be grown and seedless fruit produced on the plant, as well as vegetative reproductions of NUN 01009. [44] The largest recorded fruit was grown in Tennessee in 2013 and weighed 159 kilograms (351 pounds). The bulk of the varieties-with andromonoecious, but there are those whose flowers on the plant are strictly same-sex. Seed Material Required 1. All rights reserved. an illustration of plant parts, including the vascular bundles in a watermelon stem.)

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