Firing in weapons of greater choke could cause the slug to snap at the hourglass waist. Lands-and-grooves cause specific identifying features (rifling) on projectiles as they pass along the barrel. As a Foster slug moves through the body, it tends to "pancake", usually remaining in the body. At autopsy, one recovers from the body, the tube, the wadding and the pellets — sometimes still in one piece. A huge one will go 180. The wound of entrance from a shotgun slug, whether it be a Foster, Brenneke or Sabot, is circular in shape, with a diameter approximately that of the slug. So what is a slug? Shotgun slugs came out of the dark ages with the advent of the sabot slug and rifled shotgun barrels. A 7-pound 20 gauge loaded with that ¾-ounce slug produces 12.2 ft.-lbs. The sabot was of white plastic. In the case of a Brenneke shotgun shell, no matter the range, the wadding enters with the slug because it is literally screwed into the base. Wound channels, especially temporary wound channels, are also much more devastating compared to the handgun, or even some shotgun defensive loads. Over-Penetration: 4/5 A shotgun slug is a good choice for a self-defense round. A slug, however, is basically a bullet for a shotgun. The goal was to kill game without causing unnecessary wounds or suffering. Nominal velocity for the Sabot slugs ranges from 1200 to 1550 f/s. Slug functions terminally at low velocities High velocity with flat trajectory Sabot slugs were made by Smith & Wesson in police and civilian versions. Most of the decedent's face was blown out. in 16 gauge, and 364 gr. See next photo. $27.84. With a pro-gun president at the helm and no risk of confiscation (minus that whole bump stock fiasco) or the passage of laws that restrict 2A rights, demand had waned and inventory was plentiful across the board. Upon complete deployment, the nose sections, which each weigh 20 gr. of lead adjacent to or surrounding the disk. of recoil energy, while an 8-pound 12 gauge loaded with 1-ounce slugs produces 16.7 ft.-lbs. Lee 1oz Slug Mould features the exclusive drive key which positively rotates the slug in rifled shotgun barrels. The civilian slug was in a similar shotgun tube, except that there was no white lettering. On firing, the tube is supposed to separate at this cut. It's a … The police slug was loaded into a blue, ribbed plastic case on whose side "Police" was lettered in white. barrel. the country of manufacture. The tip of the slug and the end of the sabot were visible at the mouth of the shotgun shell. In the case of the Sabot round, at close range the two halves of the sabot may either enter the body or impact the skin. In these instances, a deep groove is cut around the circumference of a birdshot shell just in front of the metal head. The weight of the slug will vary somewhat depending on. The diameter at the front and rear was 0.50 in. Determination of the gauge from the diameter of the entrance wound is not possible. Most African Professional hunters agree that A 12 gauge slug is near ideal to put down a charging leopard. The Remington slug may have a plastic insert in its tip. On exiting the muzzle, the sabot fell away. Most shotgun slugs are designed to be fired through a cylinder bore or an improved cylinder choke, rifled choke tubes, or fully rifled bores. Check out Google Images for shotgun slug entry and exit wounds for more details. The weight of the slug is usually 1 oz (438 gr.) Some ammunition have plastic shot containers that hold the pellets and also act as the wad. For example, a typical 12 gauge shotgun slug is a blunt piece of metal that could be described as an 18 mm (.729 inch) caliber that weighs 28 … figure 8.9 The spread of pellets indicates a considerable distance; however, the distance is affected by the choke of the weapon. The tube, containing its load of shot and wadding, then travels down the barrel, exits, and continues as one missile to the target, producing a single wound of entrance. The Federal slugs have a "hollow point" and may be copper plated. figure 8.19 The woman was shot first in the right knee. Slugs manufactured by Federal have a one-piece plastic wad; Winchester's having a cup wad and cardboard (paper) filler wads — the one next to the slug being thinner and harder. he was in bed. Solid slugs also feature wadding, which will probably hit an attacker at home defense distances. Remington manufactures a 1 3/16 oz (520 gr.) each, separate from the main mass of the slug producing four additional wound tracks. Slugs are designed for hunting large game, self-defense, and other uses. Both slugs had a nominal weight of 440 gr. There is a slight amount of gunpowder on the inferior aspect of the wound. On firing, the sabot with the enclosed slug, moved down the barrel as one unit. (Frankly, I wouldn’t even trust many big name AR manufacturers.) These markings allow examiners to test-fire weapons and compare test-fired bullets to those discovered in bodies. Wounds typically are classified as low-velocity (< 2000 feet/second) or high-velocity (> 2000 feet/second). The range (distance) of fire can usually be more easily determined in shotguns than in handguns or rifles. The wound edges are abraded and there is a thin linear abrasion on the upper right from the muzzle. Shotguns usually fire pellets; however, slugs can also be used as ammunition. These comma-like pieces of lead break off from the edge of the pancaked slug (Figure 8.14). There may be through-and-through penetration or a massive energy dump in the body, depending on what the slug strikes. The "NRA Firearms Fact Book" says: "Shotgun slugs should not be used at ranges greater than about 75 yards. The Brenneke slug was developed in Germany in 1898. On firing the weapon a second time, an unaltered buckshot shell was used. Again, the tip of the slug and the sabot were visible. This slug was made only in 12 gauge. It had an hourglass configuration with a hollow base in which there was a white plastic insert. figure 8.5 This loose contact suicide wound to the neck is larger than expected because the neck was bent over the barrel. A modern shotgun slug is a heavy projectile made of lead, copper, or other material and fired from a shotgun. Slugs differ from round-ball lead projectiles in that they are stabilized i… Last Updated on Wed, 22 Apr 2020 | Gunshot Wounds Shotgun slugs are used for deer and bear hunting in heavily populated areas where the slug's rapid loss of velocity allegedly affords greater protection from shooting mishaps. Three types of shotgun slugs are on the market: the European Brenneke; the American Foster and the Sabot (Figure 8.12). With a similar rig he saw a client shoot and kill a 275-pound buck at 236 yards. The shell has a cup wad and a cardboard filler wad. See next photo. Advertisement. In effect, there will be a shallower, but larger, wound cavity than with the 9mm round. The slug is encased in an eight-fingered plastic sabot. On firing, the slugs expand and fill the bore. X-rays often show a central disk of lead with 2 to 4 comma-like pieces. The central upper pin guarantees stability and precison, both in trajectory motion … Subsequently, Federal introduced a solid copper hollow point slug in a plastic sabot. Well, just like the bullet on a centerfire or rimfire rifle cartridge, a slug is a solid projectile, but instead of being loaded in a brass case, it’s loaded in the same general type of plastic shotshell case as the shells you use for shooting skeet or trap. There are four machined slots in its nose to produce expansion. figure 8.18 Scene close-up revealing powder on the shirt and abundant blood. This one is approximately the same size as the external wound. See next photo. The weight and nominal velocity of the slugs is given in Table 8.4. figure 8.16 This is another defect in a chest wall. The appearance of a wound resulting from buckshot depends principally on the range between the victim and the muzzle of the weapon. They were known as “pumpkin balls” or “pu… The longer profile provided by the wad allegedly decreases tumbling and improves accuracy. Nominal slug weights, including felt and cardboard wads, are 491 gr. In the deaths seen by the author due to the Sabot round, the slug has always exited. The GUALBO STEEL 12ga slug is an expanding 32 gram steel slug with petals that peel back upon impact to maximize the slug's energy transfer and create a devastating wound channel. If they impact sideways, the rectangular pattern produced is fairly characteristic (Figure 8.13). Shotgun slugs produce massive internal injuries comparable in severity to those produced by a centerfire rifle hunting bullet. Figure 8.15 illustrates such a case. Reasons for non-fatal suicide attempts by firearms include attempting to shoot the gun in the chest or abdomen (presumably aiming at the heart) but not hitting the heart, bullets passing through the temples and missing the brain, aiming up through the chin, flinching, thus missing important parts of the brain, not using powerful enough guns or poor ammunitio… ya dont need 3 inchers, a 2-3/4 slug does the same thing, the recoil aint worth the extra 100 fps, How ever a shotgun slug in a 12ga is a .5 diameter bullet, wieghing 1 ounce traveling at about 1800 fps, I personally have had my 7mm rem mag do more damage then my 870 has, Slugs dont always like to expand alot. The earliest shotgun slugs were simple, round lead balls, slightly smaller than the barrel diameter, so as to pass freely down the bore. and 16.13 mm (0.635 in. figure 8.38 A close-up of the hole in the heart. Out Of … Internal injury was very severe. The Myth: Shotgun slugs for big game should be limited to 100 yards. Its 20-gauge sabot slug weighs 3/4 oz (328 gr.). Unlike handguns and rifles which have lands-and-grooves cut on the inside of their barrels, shotguns have a smooth bore. Three types of shotgun slugs are on the market: the European Brenneke; the American Foster and the Sabot (Figure 8.12). Green Beret Master Sergeant Home Security Checklist. Slugs are generally used for medium-sized game, especially whitetail deer … The wound of entrance from a shotgun slug, whether it be a Foster, Brenneke or Sabot, is circular in shape, with a diameter approximately that of the slug. As the slug penetrates tissue, the nose sections open, increasing the diameter of the projectile and the loss of energy. See next photo. Advertisement. Brenneke slugs, originally rare in the United States, are now being imported in quantity. Figure 8.11 (A) Large, irregular stipple marks of face caused by coarse, white polyethylene filler loaded in early Winchester buckshot loads. See next photo. Includes sprue plate, handles and instruction with suggested loads Lee 12 Gauge 7/8 Oz. Both the Brenneke and Foster slugs employ the same principle to stabilize their flight. The lead grooves or ribs cause the slug to slowly rotate on its long axis as it flies through the air increasing stability. figure 8.3 Loose contact shotgun wound and a larger, more ragged exit wound. In repeated attempts by the author to cause separation by cutting the hull just in front of the steel head, he found that he almost had to cut the shell in two to cause consistent separation. The Beauty of Food Turning Back The Clock, New Home Remedies to Cure Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Natural Solution for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, How to Lose Weight From Your Stomach in 2 Weeks. Remington uses a combination of plastic and cardboard wads. This Classic Magnum round, in 12 gauge, has a 2-3/4" shell loaded with a 1-1/8 oz lead slug which it fires at 1510 fps. Incidence of gunshot injuries to the head is increasing in some countries, due to the ease of accessibility to firearms. I’m a grizzled vet and a long-time gun enthusiast, and I certainly have fun shooting mini shells. We destroy water-filled jugs, hard drive, cookie jar, toys, etc with powerful shotgun slugs. in 12 gauge, 427 gr. Determination of the gauge from the diameter of the entrance wound is not possible. The assailant said he shot at this man from about 10' away as the decedent was rising out of his sofa and coming after him with a knife. First three inches of permanent wound cavity were completely destroyed. Defensive Shotgun Loads — Slugs. in 20 gauge. The slug may come to rest as a flattened lead disk or may break into a few large pieces.