1909-1922. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. It contains a Song of Thanksgiving attributed to King David which corresponds to Psalm 18. And though their persons were with David, yet their lands and goods were liable to their creditors. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:2". Men. (2) Every one that was in distress.—Ewald writes on this statement:—“The situation of the country, which was becoming more and more melancholy under Saul, . https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/1-samuel-22.html. (E. J. Hardy, M. To complete the picture of this First Book of Samuel, we must unite in one the scattered notices of this same period which occur in the Second Book of Samuel and in the Books of Kings and Chronicles. David rendered useful service in protecting these from the Bedouins of the desert, and in return received from the shepherds supplies of food, as well as seasonable intelligence of the movements of the roving government spies sent to search for them (see the note at 1 Samuel 25:8-9). For a commentary on the separate verses the reader is referred to the commentary on Psalm 18. Commentary on 1 Samuel 2:27-36 (Read 1 Samuel 2:27-36) Those who allow their children in any evil way, and do not use their authority to restrain and punish them, in effect honour them more than God. The מצוק אישׁ ish matzok, is the man straitened or oppressed; the נשׁא לו אשׁר אישׁ ish asher lo noshe, is the man that hath a creditor, an exacting, cruel creditor; the Jews frequently using their debtors with great severity, Nehemiah 5:5 taking away their lands and vineyards, and bringing into bondage their sons and daughters: and finally, the נפשׁ מר אישׁ ish mar nepesh, is the man bitter of soul, one aggrieved in his mind, or uneasy and discontented; probably, with Saul's tyrannical government, and his implacable persecution of David, who, by this time, must have been well known to have been the intended successor of Saul. Our own great dramatist, some three centuries ago, evidently without attempt at exaggeration, selects the avaricious, grasping Jew as the central figure of one of his most famous dramas. 2 The name of his firstborn son was Joel, and the name of his second, Abijah; they were judges in Beersheba. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:2". David might be ignorant of their debts; and it is most likely they concealed that, and pretended other causes of their coming to him, as the protection of the innocent, and the defence of his just rights, &c. 2. Now there were about four hundred men with him. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:2". They make a compromise thinking … The *Israelites wanted a king to lead them. And he became a captain over them.—It was evidently no undisciplined band, these outlaws of Adullam and the hold of Moab, of Hareth and Keilah, of Ziph and Engedi. He foresaw that while commanding such a company as this, he might, without injuring his king and former benefactor, be of the very greatest use to the people, and protect the southern frontiers of the kingdom—sadly exposed in these later years of King Saul—from the plundering incursions of the neighbouring nomadic tribes. They did not all flock to his standard at once. It is only David who finally brings the ark to Zion, to the place which Jehovah had chosen to set His name there (2 Samuel 6 , compare Deuteronomy 12:5 ; Psalms 132) and in which place Solomon was going to build the temple in a later day (1 King 6-8). "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:2". In our own time the same spirit, as is too well known, is still abroad, and constitutes the bitterest reproach which the many enemies of the strange, deathless race can promulgate against a people evidently walled in by a Divine protection and a changeless eternal love. 1905. The last words of David - i. e., his last Psalm, his last "words of song" 2 Samuel 22:1. 1 Samuel 30:6.; and their conduct shews them to have been of a very contrary character from desperadoes and banditti: for we read nothing of their plundering and murdering; on the contrary, we find them always kept in good discipline and order, frequently employed in services of a very beneficent nature, ready to do every friendly office, and often employed in defence of their country against the enemies of it. a 2 He was joined by all those in difficulties or in debt, or embittered, * and became their leader. Thus all David's people were men of bitter spirit, extremely distressed and grieved for the loss of their wives and children, chap. Ver. Before commenting further on Hoffner’s commentary on 1&2 Samuel, let me share the purpose behind the Evangelical Exegetical Commentary series in the words of its creators. [1 Samuel 25:15] In the Gospel we read that our Saviour received him that had been born blind, and was now cast out. [John 9:35] And in the civil law we find provision made for such as were cast out and exposed to the wide world; some hospitals to entertain them, some liberties to comfort and compensate their troubles. The story of Samuel’s call is full of important details that are pregnant with meaning, right from the opening verses which set the stage (verses 1-3). . Everyone who was in distress, and everyone who was in debt, and everyone who was discontented gathered to him; and he became captain over them. 1 Samuel 22:2. thou dearest Lord! Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. (1 Samuel 22:2). (Haydock). David maintained the strictest discipline, and withheld his men from making any disturbance, always manifesting the greatest respect for the person of the king. And every one that was in distress - debt - discontented - It is very possible that these several disaffected and exceptionable characters might at first have supposed that David, unjustly persecuted, would be glad to avail himself of their assistance that he might revenge himself upon Saul, and so they in the mean time might profit by plunder, etc. You can read through all of 2-samuel 22 below.Click the verse number to read commentary, definitions, meanings, and notesfor that particular 2-samuel 22 verse. 1857. BibliographyBenson, Joseph. 1871-8. Discontented - See the margin. 1 Samuel 2 Samuel 1 Kings 1 Kings 2 Kings 31 1-4 5-10 11-20 21-24 1-11 12-22 1-17 18-25 1Chr 10 1 Chr 11-19 1 Chr 20-29 2 Chronicles 1-9 2 Chronicles 10-20 2 Chronicles 21-36 Legend: B.C. And, therefore, there is reason to conclude, that they were persons who were brought into distress and poverty by other causes, such as, in the course of divine providence, are frequently permitted to afflict the best of men, for their trial, humiliation, or correction. 2 Samuel 7:1-17 (2017) [NEW SERIES] English Standard Version 2 Samuel 7:1-17 ESV Easy-Print Commentary 2 Samuel 7:1-17 ESV Easy-Print Large Print Commentary English Standard Version and Student Study Handout for 1 Samuel 22:2 "And every one [that was] in distress, and every one that [was] in debt, and every one [that was] discontented, gathered themselves unto him; and he became a captain over them: and there were with him about four California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. They might be, and probably were, poor debtors, whom their creditors were obliged to spare and favour, Exodus 22:25. And others, whose lands and goods their creditors might seize when their persons were with David. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:2". Are you dissatisfied? (See Excursus I. at the end of this Book.). Every one that was in debt. and became their leader. (2) And everyone that was in distress, and everyone that was in debt, and everyone that was discontented, gathered themselves unto him; and he became a captain over them: and there were with him about four hundred men. These persons “in distress” were especially those who were persecuted by Saul and his men for their attachment to David. "E.W. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-samuel-22.html. A.). 1874-1909. 2. Heb., That had a creditor or an oppressor, extortioner, usurer, who cruelly handled him. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tbi/1-samuel-22.html. John Trapp Complete Commentary 1 Samuel 2:22 Now Eli was very old, and heard all that his sons did unto all Israel; and how they lay with the women that assembled [at] the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. New York. 1 Jean 2 Jean 3 Jean Jude Apocalypse Précédent Précédent Pub campagne annuelle de dons 2020 - Pub droite TopBible S2 2 Samuel 22.30 Une force qui aide à surmonter les plus grands obstacles. 1-samuel 22:1 David therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave Adullam: and when his brethren and all his father's house heard it, they went down thither to him. Debt - Probably poor debtors, whom the creditors were obliged to spare, Exodus 22:25. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/1-samuel-22.html. The strength of the NIVAC series is its focus on contemporary applications, and Arnold is helpful here, but he is also concerned to deal with the original meaning of the text and does so very well. When his brothers and the rest of his family heard about it, they came down to him there. "ish. They were a rough, lawless set of men, yet they could be kept in check by the influence of their beloved captain, David. And Hannah prayed and said: “My heart rejoices in the LORD; My horn is exalted in the LORD. 7 parag. Discontented — Dissatisfied with the government of Saul. 2 Samuel 1:1-16 God Doesn't Need Help 2 Samuel 2:1-11 Waiting for God's Time 2 Samuel 3:1,7-18 Now Then Do It 2 Samuel 5:1-10 The King Gives Victory 2 Samuel 7:1-13 When God Says No 2 Samuel 11:1 … And every one that was in debt.—Throughout the whole long story of Israel this unhappy love of greed and gain has been a characteristic feature of the chosen race, ever a prominent and ugly sin. 2 Samuel 22: 1 – 51 Save the humble – oppose the proud 22 Then David spoke to the LORD the words of this song, on the day when the LORD had delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul. no uncommon occurrence in the daily life of the people. And though their persons were with David, yet their land and goods were liable to their creditors. It is not necessary to strain the words of the original in order to prove that these were oppressed people, and not exceptionable characters, as some have done. Let Eli's example excite And every one that was in distress, &c.— 1 Samuel chapter 22 summary starts out with David leaving the presence of the king of Gath and dwells in a cave, from whence he sent word to his family where he was and they came to … gathered themselves unto him; to help him, or rather to be helped by him; hoping in time things would take a favourable turn with him, and he should be advanced to the throne, and so their circumstances would be mended thereby: and he became a captain over them; they enlisted themselves in his service, and he took the command of them; he might not know the circumstances of those in debt, nor of any of them thoroughly, nor their views in joining him; however he meant not to shelter them from paying their just debts if able, nor to encourage them in disloyalty to their king, only to make use of them for his own preservation for the present. Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:20-23 (Read 1 Samuel 22:20-23) David greatly lamented the calamity. About four hundred men — A band of outlaws, who, however, under David’s wise management, became a band of mighty heroes. But if this were their design they were greatly disappointed, for David never made any improper use of them. In the Divine record sad scenes (see 2 Kings 4:1-7), exemplifying this pitiless spirit, are casually related, but they are so woven into the mosaic of the history, as to show us they were, alas! 1870. Compare Judges 18:25, "angry": i.e. Until I found myself totally insolvent, and unable to satisfy the debt of God's law; until my soul felt distress from the sense of sin, the alarms of conscience, and the accusations of Satan; until discontent under a load of guilt, and the fear of the wrath to come, compelled me to seek redemption; never wast thou dear to me, nor did I desire to come under thy banner! These were And every one that was in distress ... gathered themselves unto him - (see the note at Judges 11:3.) Go to. in an afflicted and calamitous condition. And every one that was in distress.] Yes! David Guzik commentary on 1 Samuel 22, where David goes hiding in the cave of Adullam, and Saul murders Ahimelech and the other priests. Every one that was in distress — אישׁ מצוק, ish matsok, the man straitened or oppressed. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:2". So, too, there is a “Divine discontent” which brings people to Christ. drove men to seek a leader from whom they might hope for better things for the future . In many a true believer piety is like a drum, which nobody hears of unless it be beaten. 22 And David spoke z to the L ord the words of this song on the day when the L ord delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul. They shall come, it is said, that are ready to perish: and I am also convinced that without thee I must, perish forever. 1 Samuel 22:2. And every one that was in distress, &c.— See 1 Chronicles 12:8. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:2". And every one that was in debt — אשׁר לו נשׁא asher lo noshee, the man that had a creditor. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:2". thy little army is composed of distressed souls; for none will make thee their Captain whose spiritual circumstances are not desperate. App-13. "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". But now, oh! 22 For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all shall be made alive (1 Corinthians 15:22, emphasis mine). 1 David left Gath and escaped to the cave of Adullam. nephesh. 2 Samuel 22:1–51 David’s Song of Praise 22:1–51 pp — Ps 18:1–50 22 David sang d to the Lord the words of this song when the Lord delivered him from the hand of all his enemies and from the hand of Saul. Copyright StatementThe New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. BibliographyEllicott, Charles John. And he became a captain over them — Being forced to take this course in his own defence, that he might not be suddenly surprised. 1828. BibliographyTorrey, R. A. This has been represented as a gang of ruffians, a parcel of banditti, who united themselves to David with the worst designs. Isaiah 27:13. of 2 Samuel 22 is one of the final chapters of the Books of Samuel in the Hebrew Bible (or the 22nd chapter of the "Second Book of Samuel" in the Old Testament of the Christian Bible). BibliographyWesley, John. Every one that was discontented — Hebrew, מר נפשׁ mar nephesh, the man bitter of soul, aggrieved in his mind, made uneasy and discontented, “probably,” says Dr. Dodd, “with Saul’s tyrannical government, and his implacable persecution of David, who, by this time, must have been well known to have been the intended successor of Saul.” It does not appear, from this description, that these were men of abandoned characters and profligate principles, as some have thought, who joined themselves to David purposely to cheat their creditors, and for the sake of the plunder they were in hopes of getting under him. Some went to him in the first days of his exile, others after the massacre at the sanctuary at Nob, others later, and thus gradually 400 gathered round him. BibliographyTrapp, John. Every one that was discontented, or, bitter in soul, i.e. In the Mosaic Law, most stringent regulations were laid down to correct and mitigate this ruling passion of avarice among the Jews. 1 Samuel 22:2 And everyone [that was] in distress In straitened circumstances, through the oppression of men, through poverty, and afflictive providences in their … But if they were not virtuous when they resorted to David, that they became so by his discipline, influence, and example, is sufficiently evident from their subsequent behaviour. The judgment that Grotius passes upon David, when the company gathered to him at Adullam, deserves to be regarded. BibliographyWhedon, Daniel. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. His title to the crown was incontestable, so that he might justly make war, particularly in his own defence, and receive those who flocked to him to screen themselves from the persecution of Saul, and from their debtors, whom they would thus enable themselves to repay in time, by the plunder which they would take from the enemy. John Trapp Complete Commentary. "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". 14 But thanks be to God, who always leads us in His triumph in Christ, and manifests through us the sweet aroma of the knowledge of Him in every place (2 Corinthians 2:14, emphasis mine). When his brothers and his father’s household heard about it, they went down to him there. Leviticus 25:39. Not such ruffians and rakehells as Abimelech, [ 9:4] and of later time Mohammed, that grand impostor, got together to spoil and do mischief; but these came to David upon a better principle, and for a better purpose, viz., for his and their own just and necessary defence: and for their carriage, see what a testimony Nabal’s servants gave them, though that brute their master had basely reviled them. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/1-samuel-22.html. Whatever they were before they came to David, we find that he succeeded in civilizing them, and making profitable to the state those who were before unprofitable.
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